Convertingtemperature.JPGChapter 11 (starting in class):
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Define temperature and heat. Heat-thermal energy that can move around or is capable of moving. Temperature- Measure of the amount of thermal energy in a specific place.
Describe the behavior of atoms and molecules as matter undergoes phase changes- The atoms and molecules start going in more "random" directions and start getting further spread apart asa they change from solid to liquid to gas.


Chapter 13:

Identify and describe particles which comprise atoms.
Compare and contrast forces inside atoms (they may use a graphic organizer to complete this – Venn Diagram)- Protons and neutrons stick together in the center of the atom as the nucleus, and electrons are pulled toward and pushed away from the nucleus to cause momentum.
Explain the Bohr atom model-The Bohr Atom Model states that atoms can have different energy levels. Energy from the electrons is absorbed and jumps to a higher level, when energy is released, the electrons fall back to their original spot, closer to the nucleus.external image model-bohr-2.jpg
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Chapter 14:
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Differentiate physical and chemical properties of elements Physical properties are those that you can measure through direct observation. Chemical properties are those that can only be observed when one substance changes into a different substance.
Explain how the periodic table is organized- One of the ways that it is organized is from least to greatest in the number of protons each element has, with Hydrogen the first, and Ununoctium as the last.
Identify metals, semi-metals, and nonmetals on the periodic table-The nonmetals are located at the upper right hand corner of the periodic table, except for hydrogen, which is in the upper left hand corner. Semi-metals are located just to the lower left of the main group of nonmetals and the semi metals are a small group compared to the metals group. The metals are located below the semi-metals, to the lower left of the semi-metals, and to the direct left of the semi-metals. The metals take up most of the periodic table.
Differentiate the electrical and thermal conductivity of metals and nonmetals-Metals are typically the best electric and thermal conductors. nonmetals are usually insulators instead of being good conductors.
Define periodicity and discuss examples-Periodicity is when properties repeat each row of the periodic table. Examples are the pattern of melting and boiling points.
Predict properties of an element based on its position on the periodic table-elements in the upper right hand corner of the periodic table are most likely nonmetals. If you go further to the lower left there are metalloids (semi-metals). If you go further to the lower left you will most likely find metals. Also, the more rows you go down, the more radioactive the elements are.


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Using the physical science book – they need to be able to complete the following objectives in essay format.